Penggunaan Articles a, an and the

articles a, an and the

Penggunaan articles a, an and the 

Selamat datang di pelajaran bahasa Inggris penggunaan articles a, an and the. Lihat contoh di bawah ini penggunaan dari artikel a, an and the.

  • She’s a doctor.
  • I need an umbrella.
  • Have you heard the news?
  • I don’t like spiders.

Penjelasan Grammar

Here are some of the most important things to know about using articles.


When we say what people’s jobs are, we usually use a/an.

  • He’s an architect. (ia seorang arsitek)
  • She’s a scientist. (Ia seorang ilmuwan)
  • My grandmother was a teacher. (Nenekku dulu seorang guru)

Singular nouns

Singular, countable nouns always have an article – a/an or the (or another determiner – myyourthisthat, etc.).

We use a/an – the indefinite article – when we talk about something for the first time, or something that is part of a group or type.

I saw a good film yesterday. (Aku melihat film bagus kemarin)
Do you want a drink? (Kamu mau minuman)

We use a when the word that follows it begins with a consonant sound. We use an when it’s followed by a vowel sound. This makes pronunciation easier.

She has a university degree. (Dia punya gelar universitas)
It took me an hour to get home. (Aku memerlukan sejam untuk sampai rumah)

We use the – the definite article – when the listener already knows which thing we are talking about because it was mentioned before or because there’s only one of them.

  • I’m going to take the dog for a walk.
  • Have you seen the car key?
  • They go to the school next to the bridge.

Things in general

When we talk about things in general, we normally use a plural or uncountable noun with no article.

  • Birds eat worms.
  • Water freezes at 0°C.
  • Children need a lot of sleep.

Particular groups of things

When we talk about a particular group of things, we use the.

We went to the zoo and saw the kangaroos. (These are the particular kangaroos in that zoo – not kangaroos in general.)

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