Penggunaan articles a, an and the
Selamat datang di pelajaran bahasa Inggris penggunaan articles a, an and the. Lihat contoh di bawah ini penggunaan dari artikel a, an and the.
- She’s a doctor.
- I need an umbrella.
- Have you heard the news?
- I don’t like spiders.
Here are some of the most important things to know about using articles.
When we say what people’s jobs are, we usually use a/an.
- He’s an architect. (ia seorang arsitek)
- She’s a scientist. (Ia seorang ilmuwan)
- My grandmother was a teacher. (Nenekku dulu seorang guru)
Singular, countable nouns always have an article – a/an or the (or another determiner – my, your, this, that, etc.).
We use a/an – the indefinite article – when we talk about something for the first time, or something that is part of a group or type.
I saw a good film yesterday. (Aku melihat film bagus kemarin)
Do you want a drink? (Kamu mau minuman)
We use a when the word that follows it begins with a consonant sound. We use an when it’s followed by a vowel sound. This makes pronunciation easier.
She has a university degree. (Dia punya gelar universitas)
It took me an hour to get home. (Aku memerlukan sejam untuk sampai rumah)
We use the – the definite article – when the listener already knows which thing we are talking about because it was mentioned before or because there’s only one of them.
- I’m going to take the dog for a walk.
- Have you seen the car key?
- They go to the school next to the bridge.
Things in general
When we talk about things in general, we normally use a plural or uncountable noun with no article.
- Birds eat worms.
- Water freezes at 0°C.
- Children need a lot of sleep.
Particular groups of things
When we talk about a particular group of things, we use the.
We went to the zoo and saw the kangaroos. (These are the particular kangaroos in that zoo – not kangaroos in general.)
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