The text below is for number 1-5

The tern “art deco” has come to encompass three distinct but related design trends.of the 1920’s and 1930’s. The first was what is frequently referred to as “zigzag moderne” –the exotically ornamental style of such skyscrapers as the Chrysler Building in New York City and related structures such as the Paramount Theater in Oakland, California The word “zigzag” alludes to the geometric and stylized ornamentation of zigzags, angular patterns, abstracted plant and animal motifs, sunbursts, astrological imagery, formalized fountains, and related themes that were applied in mosaic relief and mural form to the exterior and interior of the buildings. Many of these buildings were shaped in the ziggurat form, a design resembling an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower that recedes in progressively smaller stages to the summit, creating a staircase-like effect.

The second manifestation of art deco was the 1930’s streamlined moderne” style—a Futuristic-looking aerodynamic style of rounded corners and horizontal bands known as “speed stripes.” In architecture, these elements were frequently accompanied by round windows, extensive use of glass block, and flat rooftops.
The third style, referred to as cither “ international stripped classicism,” or simply “ classical moderne,” also came to the forefront during the Depression, a period of severe economic difficult in the 1930’s. This was amore conservative style, blending a simplified modernistic style with a more austere form of geometric and stylized relief sculpture and other ornament, including interior murals. May buildings in this style were erected nationwide through government programs during the Depression . Although art deco in its many forms was largely perceived as thoroughly modern,

it was strongly influenced by the decorative arts movements that immediately preceded For example, like “art nouveau” (1890-1910), art deco also used plant motifs, but regularized the forms into abstracted repetitive patterns rather than presenting them as flowing, asymmetrical foliage, Like the Viennese craftspeople of the Wiener Werkstatte, art deco designers worked with exotic materials, geometricized shapes, and colorfully ornate patterns. Furthermore, like the artisans of the Arts and Crafts Movement in England and the United States, art deep practitioners considered it their mission to transform thedomestic environment through well-designed furniture and household accessories.

1.) What aspect of art deco does the passage mainly discuss?

(A) The influence of art deco on the design of furniture and household accessories
(B) Ways in which government programs encouraged the development of art deco
(C) Architectural manifestations of art deco during the 1920’s and 1930’s
(D) Reasons for the popularity of art deco in New York and California

Pembahasan:

Untuk mencari tahu aspek suatu kumpulan paragraf, mudahnya kita harus mencari kata kunci yang sering digunakan dalam menjelaskan ‘art deco’ di paragraf-paragraf tersebut. Biasanya, kata benda (noun) yang sering diulang-ulang akan berada di salah satu jawaban yang ada. Cara yang lebih sulit akan tetapi konsisten, adalah mencari tahu apa yang dikembangkan oleh aspek yang diinginkan. Disini, kita bisa melihat ‘art deco’ yang digambarkan dari tahun 1920 sampai 1930. Oleh karena itu, jawabannya adalah: (C) Architectural manifestations of art deco during the 1920’s and 1930’s

2.) The word “encompass” in line 1 is closest in meaning to ….

(A) separate
(B) include
(C) replace
(D) enhance

Pembahasan:

Pada soal ini, kita harus mencari tahu sinonim dari ‘encompass’ dalam bahasa Inggris. Dalam konteks ini, encompass (meliputi) tidak sama dengan kata separate (memisahkan), replace (mengganti), dan enhance (meningkatkan). Kata yang tepat sebagai sinonim dari ‘encompass’ tidak lain adalah: (B) include

3.) The phrase “The first” in line 2 refers to ….

(A) the term “art deco”
(B) design trends
(C) the 1920’s and 1930’s
(D) skyscrapers

Pembahasan:

Jika kata-kata yang mengandung unsur numerik seperti ‘the first’, ‘the second’, atau ‘the last’ dipakai, maka kita harus mencari bagian paragraf mana yang terbagi menjadi beberapa bagian tersebut. Ketika sudah menemukannya, kita harus tahu apa sih yang diberitahukan oleh bagian paragraf tersebut. Di kalimat pertama, baris pertama, kita bisa melihat bahwa ada tiga tipe ‘design trends’ yang dipaparkan di paragraf tersebut. Oleh karena itu, jawabannya adalah: (B) design trends

4.). In line 9, the author mentions “an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower ” in order to ….

(A) describe the exterior shape of certain “art deco” buildings
(B) explain the differences between ancient and modern architectural steles
(C) emphasize the extent of architectural advances
(D) argue for a return to more traditional architectural design

Pembahasan:

Pada soal ini, kita diarahkan untuk membaca baris ke sembilan paragraf. Disini kita bisa melihat ‘an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower’, atau menara purba kuil Mesopotamia’ yang mengambarkan bagian luar dari bangunan-bangunan ‘art deco’ dituliskan di dalam teks tersebut. Oleh karena itu, jawabannya adalah:

(A) describe the exterior shape of certain ‘art deco” buildings

5.). The streamlined modern style is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT ….

(A) animal motifs
(B) flat roofs
(C) round windows
(D) “speed stripes”

Pembahasan:

Di soal ini, kita sudah diberikan kata kunci soal yaitu, ‘modern’. Oleh karena itu kita hanya perlu mencari apa itu ‘modern’ style seperti yang diberitahukan oleh paragraf-paragraf diatas. Ditambah dari itu, kita diminta untuk memberitahukan apa yang merupakan bagian dari ‘modern’ KECUALI. Jadi, setelah mengetahui apa yang merupakan ‘modern’ sesuai teks tersebut, kita mencari yang BUKAN termasuk didalam gaya ‘modern’ tersebut. Jadi, jawabannya adalah: (A) animal motifs

 

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